Từ vựng chủ đề Water - Học ielts tại Đà Nẵng - Luyện thi ielts uy tín tại UEC Đà Nẵng
Như các bạn đã biết, có những nguyên tắc nhất định về từ vựng trong task 2 để đạt điểm cao và điều quan trọng nhất là phong phú về mặt từ vựng, vì thế bạn cần không ngừng gia tăng vốn từ của mình để có thể “ứng phó” với nhiều chủ đề khác nhau. Hôm nay UEC sẽ gửi đến các bạn các từ vựng chủ đề Water hay và hữu ích nhé.
tu-vung-chu-de-water

Từ vựng chủ đề Water trong IELTS Writing task 2

Chúng ta hãy cùng bắt đầu học nào!

The importance of water

STTVocabulary MeaningVietnamese
1Substance (noun) a type of solid, liquid or gas that has particular qualitieschất
2Perform photosynthesis (verb phrase)to perform the process in which plants turn carbon dioxide, sunlight and water into foodthực hiện quá trình quang hợp
3Potable water (compound noun)the same as ‘drinking water’nước uống
4Poor-quality (phrase)not goodchất lượng kém

Example: 

  •  Firstly, water is one of the most important substances on earth. If there were no water, there would be no life on earth.
  • For example, plants need not only sunlight or carbon dioxide but also water to perform photosynthesis generating food and energy for the trees.
  • Secondly, humans themselves need potable water so as to maintain their lives and other daily activities like cooking or washing.
  • For example, poor quality drinking water is the major cause of diseases and deaths in some countries.

 

Problems with water supply

Poor-quality drinking water

STTVocabulary MeaningVietnamese
1Industrial waste (compound noun)the waste produced from industrial processeschất thải công nghiệp
2Domestic sewage (compound noun)wastewater from householdsnước thải gia đình, nước thải sinh hoạt
3Leak into something(of a liquid or gas) to get in or out through a small hole or crack in something rò rỉ, rỉ ra, rò ra cái gì
4Water supply system (compound noun)the network that provides water for communitieshệ thống cung cấp nước
5Water purification system (compound noun)the system or machine that help purify water used for drinkinghệ thống lọc nước

Example: 

  • Firstly, industrial waste and domestic sewage leaking into the water supply system is likely to contaminate the water used for drinking.
  •  Secondly, low quality potable water is possibly the result of the poor water purification systems in some countries.

Solutions

STTVocabulary MeaningVietnamese
1Sewage leakage (compound noun)the amount of sewage leakingrò rỉ nước thải sinh hoạt
2Water filtrationthe same as ‘water purification’sự lọc nước

Example: 

  • Government should pay attention to construct reliable machine systems for purifying water used in households and at the same time sewage system should be improved so as to prevent sewage leakage.
  • Each household should also be aware of the importance of drinking clean water and have a water filtration product at home.

Water shortage

STTVocabulary MeaningVietnamese
1Water scarcitythe same as ‘water shortage’Sự thiếu nước
2Prolonged droughtthe drought that lasts for a long timehạn hán dài
3Water contamination (noun)ô nhiễm nước
4Undrinkable (adj)Not fit to be drunk because of impurity or poor quality.không thể uống được

Example: 

  • The first cause of water scarcity is overusing and misusing water.
  • Another reason for the lack of drinking water is the prolonged droughts taking place in many parts of the world.
  • The final culprit is water contamination, which prompts the water undrinkable.

Effects

STTVocabulary MeaningVietnamese
1Access to something (noun phrase)the opportunity or right to use something or to see somebody/somethingtiếp cận được với cái gì
2Sanitation (noun)the equipment and systems that keep places clean, especially by removing human wastehệ thống vệ sinh
3Waterborne disease (compound noun)Disease can be spread while bathing, washing or drinking water, or by eating food exposed to infected water.các bệnh lây lan qua nước thông qua việc tắm giặt hay uống hay ăn đồ ăn có nhiễm nước bẩn
4water crisis (compound noun)used to refer as water shortagekhủng hoảng nước
5political conflict (compound noun)the conflict related to politicsmâu thuẫn chính trị

Example: 

  • Without access to clean water, people are likely to be prevented from having proper sanitation.
  • This could lead to some waterborne diseases. In many places, lack of water is responsible for many deaths every year.
  • Another effect of water crisis is that it could lead to political conflicts or even wars because in order to facilitate industrial process or agricultural activities, there needs to be an enormous amount of water.

Should water be free or not?

Reasons why water should be free

STTVocabulary MeaningVietnamese
1Hinder (verb)Make it difficult for (someone) to do something or for (something) to happen.Cản trở
2Mortality rate (compound noun)the same as death ratetử lệ tử vong

Example: 

  •  Charging drinking water may hinder the access to clean water amongst low-income population, which can result in the increased mortality rates, especially infant mortality rates.

Reasons why water should not be free

STTVocabulary MeaningVietnamese
1Take somebody/something for granted (phrase)to be so used to somebody/something that you do not recognize their true value anymore and do not show that you are gratefulcoi ai đó/cái gì đó là đương nhiên
2Misuse (verb)Use (something) in the wrong way or for the wrong purpose.sử dụng sai mục đích
3Run out (of something) (phrasal verb)to use up or finish a supply of somethinghết cái gì đó
4Overuse (verb)Use too much.sử dụng quá nhiều

Example: 

  • If water is free, people will take it for granted. For this reason, the amount of clean water wasted is likely to skyrocket and very soon water sources will run out completely.
  • Paying for pure water can prevent residents from overusing and misusing the water effectively.

Trên đây là rất nhiều từ vựng hay về chủ đề Water rồi đúng không nào các bạn. Dù đây chỉ là chủ đề rất nhỏ thôi nhưng nó cũng hoàn toàn có thể xuất hiện trong một bài task 2 cụ thể đấy.

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