Từ vựng chủ đề Food and Diet

Từ vựng chủ đề Food and Diet

Thức ăn và chế độ ăn uống là chủ đề được nhắc đến khá nhiều không chỉ trong Speaking mà còn trong Writing Task 2. Hôm nay UEC – Trung tâm luyện thi IELTS Đà Nẵng sẽ gửi đến các bạn các từ vựng IELTS thường dùng trong chủ đề Food and Diet này nhé!

tu-vung-chu-de-food-and-diet-1
Từ vựng chủ đề Food and diet

1. Types of food

STT Types of food Meaning Vietnamese
1 Fast food (noun)  Easily prepared processed food served in snack bars and restaurants as a quick meal or to be taken away. đồ ăn nhanh
2 Junk food (noun) Pre-prepared or packaged food that has low nutritional value. đồ ăn vặt
3 Fresh product (noun)   đồ ăn tươi
4 Organic food (noun) Food derives from living things đồ ăn hữu cơ
5 Food additive (noun) A substance added to food to enhance its flavour or appearance or to preserve it. chất phụ gia thực phẩm
6 Processed food Food which is treated thực phẩm đã được chế biến
7 GM food (noun) Genetically modified product thực phẩm biến đổi gen
8 Perishable food (noun) Food which is likely to decay quickly thức ăn ôi thiu
9 Food poisoning (noun) Illness caused by bacteria or other toxins in food, typically with vomiting and diarrhea. ngộ độc thức ăn
10 Fortified food (noun) Food which is provided more nutrients for body thực phẩm tăng cường

2. Types of meals

STT Types of meals Meaning Vietnamese
1 Home-cooked meal (noun) meal prepared at home. bữa ăn tại gia
2 Pre-packaged meal (noun) meal wrapped in a box bữa ăn đóng gói sẵn
3 Light meal (noun) a snack bữa ăn nhẹ
4 Substantial meal the main meal bữa ăn chính
5 Slap-up meal (noun) a large meal bữa ăn thịnh soạn
6 Gourmet meal (noun) a meal with many kinds of luxury foods bữa ăn sang chảnh
7 Square meal (noun) A substantial, satisfying, and balanced meal bữa ăn cân bằng giữa thịt và rau
8 Hearty breakfast   ăn sáng thịnh soạn
9 Ready meal (noun) A meal sold in a pre-cooked form that only requires reheating. bữa ăn sẵn

3. Diet

STT Diet Meaning Vietnamese
1 Healthy diet (noun) The healthy kinds of foods people eat chế độ ăn lành mạnh
2 Poor diet (noun)   chế độ ăn không tốt cho sức khỏe
3 To eat a balanced diet To eat the correct types and amounts of food có chế độ ăn cân đối 
4 To follow a recipe To cook a meal using instructions tuân theo công thức, hướng dẫn

4. Fast food

Positives:

STT Fast Food Meaning Vietnamese
1 Alternative (noun) A different choice Một lựa chọn khác
2 Fancy (adjective) Sophisticated, expensive designed in a way to impress Hào nhoáng
3 To dine out (verb phrase) To eat in a restaurant instead of at home Đi ăn ngoài

Example: Fast food is also a cheaper alternative to traditional restaurants. A complete fast food meal with drinks is usually half the price of those in restaurants. It is a great choice of dining out for people who can’t afford fancier options.

Negatives:

STT Fast Food Meaning Vietnamese
1 Fast food chain (noun phrase) A big brand of fast food with a lot of restaurants in various locations, often worldwide Chuỗi cửa hàng đồ ăn nhanh
2 Local delicacies (noun phrase) Cuisines that are specific to a country or region Các món ngon riêng biệt của một đất nước hay vùng miền
3 Addictive (adjective) of a substance or activity) causing or likely to cause someone to become addicted. gây nghiện
4 Craving (noun) A powerful desire for a certain type of food Một sự thèm muốn mạnh mẽ một món ăn nào đó

Example: As fast food chains open everywhere in the world, young travelers are trying out local delicacies less and less often during their travels, and instead are opting for fast food. This will limit their chance to learn more about the culture of the places they are visiting.

Example: Fast food is also very addictive. Big chains have perfected the taste of their food and many people have developed a craving for these products that often lead to daily consumption.

Ý tưởng cho chủ đề Food and Diet

  1. Be the most universally recognized symbol 
  2. Huge fast food chains 
  3. Spread to all corners of the earth as a result of a global society 
  4. Be especially popular with young people and children 
  5. Fast food tend to be less healthy than home-cooked meals 
  6. Fast food use lots of sugar, salt and artificial ingredients
  7. Overweight people 
  8. Fast food restaurants 
  9. Fast foods have a negative impact on society because they often replace traditional food and local culture 
  10. When people travel abroad, they usually want to do as the Romans do and try the local food
  11. How unfortunate if there is no local food left to try 
  12. Local snacks and cuisine have become harder to find 
  13. KFC have gradually taken over 
  14. Very clean and have a comfortable environment 
  15. Fast food chains are very standardized so no matter where you go, you know what you are getting, which is convenient
  16. Fast food has a bad reputation because of health reasons and its influence on traditional culture 
  17. If fast food can be more nutritious and be more local, it will be more widely accepted 
  18. Junk food’s unguaranteed quality makes my immune system reacts against unsafe foods immediately.

Đề thi mẫu về chủ đề Food and Diet

tu-vung-chu-de-food-and-diet
Đề thi mẫu chủ đề Food and Diet

IELTS Speaking Part 1: Chủ đề FOOD and DIET

1. Can you cook?

Oh yes, I love to cook. Honestly, I don’t think I can cook very well but I always try my best. I consider it one of my hobbies.

2. Who does the cooking in your family?

My mom does. Sometimes my older sister cooks for dinner. On weekends, I sometimes cook too.

3. What is your main meal in the day?

Well, I can say, lunch is my main meal. I usually skip breakfast and I just have light dinner.

4. On what occasions do you eat special foods?

I eat special foods on special occasions like birthday parties, weddings, New Year and etc. Even on small and simple gatherings, there are special foods too

5. Which foods from your country do most foreign people enjoy?

I think foreign people are always eager to try local and exotic foods. Tourists and foreigners eat our local and traditional foods in my country.

6. On what occasions do you eat special foods?

No, not very much. Aside from being unhealthy, I am not fond of salty foods.

IELTS Speaking Part 2: Chủ đề FOOD and DIET

Talk about your favorite food. 

You should say:

  • what the food is
  • what it is made of
  • why you like it
  • And explain why it is your favorite food

Mẫu trả lời:

There are a lot of foods I like. It is quite difficult to think of one. So, let me talk about a popular menu in my country which is one of my favorite foods also. It is steamed/plain rice and chicken adobo. “Adobo” is the local name. Adobo can be beef, pork, chicken, fish or even vegetables but I like the chicken adobo particularly.

I will talk about how I cook my very own chicken adobo.

A small amount of oil is placed in a heated pan. Then, sauté (fried quickly in a little hot fat) garlic until it turns golden brown. Add in onions. Add the chicken and sauté until it turns a little brown. Pour in about 2 cups of water and let it boil. After about 30 minutes, add about 2 spoonful of sugar, whole peppercorns and let it simmer. Then add about one fourth cup of so sauce and let it boil for about 5 minutes. Then it is done and ready to be served. You may also add some vegetables like potatoes or fruits like banana or pineapple.

I like it because it is easy to prepare and it is very delicious. I am not quite sure about its nutritional benefits but I am sure that we can get some nutrients in it too, especially if vegetables are added.
This recipe is common in my country and I eat it about three to four times a week. I like it because it does not require much effort to prepare and it is also not expensive.

IELTS Speaking Part 3: Chủ đề FOOD and DIET

1. Tell me about the types of food that people eat in your country (What foods are popular in your country?)

In my country, the Philippines, rice is a staple food. We eat rice for breakfast, lunch and dinner. Rice comes with different kinds of viand (piece of food, or a tasty dish) such as pork, beef or chicken cooked with vegetables or fruits and other ingredients. Since my country is located in the tropics, tropical fruits are also popular here especially mangoes. They say that the best mangoes can be found in the Philippines. We also like to eat bread for breakfast or for snacks.

2. How are the eating habits now in your country different from eating habits in the past?

I think people’s eating habits have changed in the past years. Nowadays, there are already a lot of fast food restaurants. Processed foods have become popular as well. I think people these days don’t eat as much healthy foods compared in the past. Also, I think people in the past are more concerned of eating at the right time. However, nowadays, people tend to skip meals because of several reasons such as dieting, busy schedules and etc.

3. How healthy is your country’s food?

It is the choice of the people whether to eat healthy or unhealthy food. In my country, there are many choices of healthy food especially vegetables and fruits. However, I don’t think that people eat much healthy foods nowadays because of the presence of fast food and processed foods. Also, many dishes in my country is usually greasy and salty which I think are not very healthy.

Nguồn: thetesttaker

Như vậy trên đây là một số từ vựng chủ đề Food and Diet rồi đúng không nào. Tuy chủ đề này khá nhỏ nhưng nó cũng bổ trợ cho rất nhiều các chủ đề khác nữa nhé.

Xem thêm >>>

Trung Tâm Luyện Thi IELTS Uy Tín Ở Tại Đà Nẵng